Some Summaries from week of 4/19/15 – $TSLA, $MSFT, $AMZN, $QCOM

Tesla Price Targets Pull Away From Profits: a classic example that momentum stocks really trade on fictional earnings reports. They’re irrelevant, til they’re not.  $TSLA (218)

Wall Street Journal graph of TSLA earnings projections

 

Amazon Reveals Just How Profitable the Cloud Can Be: by Tiernan Ray.  Ultimate conclusion is that Microsoft’s Azure is doing well too.  Which would you rather invest in, $MSFT (47) or $AMZN (445) a cloud provider in a hugely profitable if diminishing cash cow or one “trapped in a retailer.”  Unresolved: is Azure a function of that dying business of companies running on Windows?  Microsoft got other loving mentions in Barron’s as well from the usual spreadsheet watching crowd.

A Recharge for Qualcomm.  Can Jana partners get $QCOM (68) to split off the licensing from the chip business?  This is an article very related to the above MSFT & AMZN discussion so far as shareholders are concerned.

Let’s Take a Short Ride, a Heard on the Street Column from April 18-19 suggested the desirability of a strategy as follows:

bet against the 10% of stocks with the highest days-to-cover ratios, and bought the 10% with the lowest…it would have fared from the start of 1988 to the end of 2012.  The results: a return of 2,917%–almost double the total return of the [DJIA].

 

Shorting high-day-to-cover ratio WSJ chart

 

Tale of Three Once and Future Dividend Providers, April 1996 to present

Investor return can come from appreciation, or dividends.  Microsoft (MSFT 31) announced this week the quarterly dividend will be raised to .23/quarter, going ex-dividend November 13.  It yields 3%.

I thought this would be interesting to compare to GE as classic growth stock, and Altria as a “high dividend payer” from the same approximate time.

If you’re even vaguely familiar with the market you’ll know MO & its descendants are going to come out ahead on total dividends, but what about total appreciation as well?

MSFT:

Microsoft paid a $3 special dividend in 2004, and has paid a dividend since 2003, starting at a humble .08 for the year.   In the fiscal 4th quarter of 2004, the dividend went quarterly at .08.   The dividend is unlikely to triple in the next eight years — for one thing the payout ratio has gone up.

It will have paid a total of $7.02 in dividends.  For those long term holders, this means if you bought in April 1996 congratulations you’ve just (before taxes) recouped your investment — of then a maturing company ten years after its IPO.   (This was a full two years after I made the worst investing decision of my life, selling the little America Online because Microsoft was coming to get it.)

Chart forMicrosoft Corporation (MSFT)

The classically safe large cap growth stock, GE, traded at 14.4 in April 1996 (now a humble 22, but probably a touch undervalued.)

GE has had their ups and downs of dividends, cutting it notably to .10/quarter in the financial crisis.  From the summer of 1996 you would have had $11.57 of dividends from GE (Genworth shares appear not to have been spun out to GE shareholders, but had some dividends they did.)

Chart forGeneral Electric Company (GE)

MO:

Phillip Morris a.k.a. Altria is the classic dividend stand out.  You would have made your $34.6 investment back in Altria dividends alone, $35.06 since the summer of 1996, but there is also Kraft and Phillip Morris International which were spun out in 2007 and 2008 respectively.

Each MO share got .692 of a share of KFT which has generated $6.51 of dividends, for $4.51/share.

Each MO share got 1 Phillip Morris International PMI share, which has delivered $11.35 of dividends.

$50.92 in total dividends of MO and its two major spin offs in the same time.

Chart forAltria Group Inc. (MO)

Chart  for Kraft Foods Inc. (KFT)

Chart forPhilip Morris International, Inc. (PM)

For total return calculation purposes you’re still ahead with Microsoft, but barely.

You’d have approximately $150 per share from that $34 investment, 440% price appreciation that is nearly identical to Microsoft’s, with higher dividend return!

I did hold MO, PM and KFT in a retirement account — to avoid the dividend taxation for a number of years, and reluctantly (and foolishly) sold to go into TBT instead.  Is the next MO…MO and its heirs?  Buy and hold is tough for me to stomach but when the right stock is found the results are spectacular.  MO was the classic poster boy for Jeremy Siegel’s The Future for Investors and it has held since the books’ publication.

Yield-hungry investors have piled into stocks like MO and PM and I think I will wait for a drop to get back in.

 

Lazy Data Sets and Technology Dividends

Bloomberg reported and Barron’s amplified a very weakly corroborated story that technology stocks underperform when they begin to pay dividends.   Timothy Ghriskey of the Solaris Group among others claims it’s “probably not a good thing.”  The proof of this?

Apple Inc., Dell Inc. (DELL) and SAIC Inc. (SAI) are among the 13 companies in the S&P 500 that have initiated a quarterly payout this year, according to data from S&P. Dell dropped 11 percent and SAIC slumped 6.9 percent since announcing the decision, while Apple is up 13 percent.

and

Investors who bought Microsoft after the world’s biggest software maker started paying 8 cents a share in 2003 would have been better off owning its competitors. The Redmond, Washington- based company rose 5.9 percent that year, compared with a 47 percent surge for S&P 500 computer stocks. Technology companies that don’t pay a regular dividend make up seven of the 10 biggest gains in the industry since January 2003.

Ten years sounds like a long time in the course of things but this particular ten year period comes after:

a) a significant change in 2002 in the tax treatment of dividends, lowering the rate to 15% at the federal level: this ironically may have made some companies give out more in dividends than they should (see: Citibank!)

b) the largest run up in the history of technology stocks followed by a two year shake out when nearly every non-dividend paying technology stock dropped by 90%+.  A tweak of the window of study to fifteen years would generate tremendously different results.  Nearly _any_ 10 year period would produce dramatically different results.

c) Microsoft announced a $3 special dividend in 2004, characterized by Rick Sherlund, the famed Goldman Sachs software analyst as “breathtaking.”  So besides the fact from the second quote MSFT’s peers were coming off lower lows this alone was a 10% return.  The theory of risk-adjusted returns has some flaws, most notably how one calculates risk but if you were to look at risk-adjusted returns with this special dividend in mind the results were almost certainly different from what is described.

Dividend paying “tech stocks” including IBM, Texas Instruments, and the like almost certainly outperformed non dividend paying stocks; it is the tech companies that _cut_ their dividend (Kodak, Xerox, etc.) which is probably the more reliable forward-looking indicator.

It’s true dividend paying tech stocks are in a different phase of their corporate lives, and are no longer as high growing (read: capital intense.)  But high growth famously comes at a price for technology stocks.  Investor return?  That’s another matter.  In Jeremy Siegel’s “The Future for Investors” he writes about stock returns up to 2003 (p. 126):

From 1871 through 2003, 97 percent of the total after-infaltion accumulation from stocks comes from re-investing dividends.  Only 3 percent comes from capital gains.

Technology companies do really stupid things with large cash piles; even small tech startups lose discipline when they get their Series A wires in.  That technology companies return capital as large cap growth companies should be expected and should be demanded.  If you can find the 5 successful hypergrowth tech companies out of the 100 or so possible by all means skip the MSFT dividend.

 

Proudly powered by WordPress
Theme: Esquire by Matthew Buchanan.